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L. Russ Bush composed “The Advancement: Keeping the Faith in an Evolutionary Age” with the purpose of exposing the naturalist worldview by shedding light on its development as well as many fallacies. Bush’s focus is the progression the naturalists are experiencing in an unusual, but foreseeable, rate. He provides verifiable information from their standpoint when it comes to epistemology. Bush makes the claim that the majority socially no longer belongs to Christianity concerning their belief system about there being one God as the creator of this world. Keeping that in mind, Christianity is struggling with the civil authorities protecting those beliefs, which are being witnessed on the news as well as the new laws being made, unlike they did in the past. A Christian response to naturalism is critical based on their current stance. A scientific approach was not an option for Bush, instead, he chose a philosophical approach to combat the new naturalist worldview which assisted him in being successful at obtaining his intended goal.
Bush begins by reviewing the modern worldview in a historical way in chapter one. He gives the secular worldview initially, which received its inspiration from the Enlightenment and the freedom within. The height of his discussion is when the distinction between the new worldview and the old worldview took place. There is a stability in history and nature that happens naturally regarding the new worldview. When it comes to an individual’s progress or waning, it deals with their personal relationship with God and whether they have a relationship, which is expected (15). When it comes to the older worldview, it is not viewed as being true due to the fact it is older, because there is a possibility it may need improvement, however, the best tool needed for this current suffering world is authentic Christianity (17).
In chapter two Bush reveals the different parts that make up the worldview as a whole. In this chapter, he focuses on a deeper historical understanding of science, secularism, as well as Christianity, and how they are related. He also discusses a widely held view that cause and effect are not how God operates, God is not obvious or predictable (20). Following that statement, modernity and postmodernity have seen a rise in the spread of cause and effect reasoning amongst many fields, unlike the past, it was limited to specific areas of study (21). Moreover, modern materialism, uniformitarian thought, and evolution are explored, including their origins. Each ideology has its own influence concerning modern ethics, which Bush discusses, from a historical point of view. The evolutionary theory is the most significant issue of ethics (35).
In chapter three Bush travels through the realm of the theory of advancement and the theory of knowledge. There are many ideologies that conflict with each other regarding objectivity, subjectivity, and their truth, which is an epistemological encounter he sees important enough to discuss. It is also noted that naturalism has a belief that the mind of a human reflects its creator, which was classified as a system, causing a scientific study to be merciless against subjective relativism (40).
In chapter four the alternatives of the Modern Theistic viewpoint are discussed. This is where process theology and open theology appear in the discussion, even though they are not biblical beliefs they still hold the belief that there is a need for God, unfortunately, those beliefs have no solid foundation and still allows for the modern worldview to be successful (64)
Finally, in chapter five and chapter six, naturalistic evolution is the topic of discussion. When discussing evolutionary Biology, there are seven assumptions (65-72). He also spends time discussing the ten axioms, which are the basis of evolution and discusses their weaknesses (72-76). In these chapters, he also divulges the thoughts of the modern thinkers and four of their basic beliefs (77-78). Last, but not least, Bush expounds on the objections he has regarding naturalistic evolution (80-93).