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Sometimes coming up with a good idea for a paper is more challenging than the actual research and writing. Finding a solid topic is one of the most important steps for writing any paper. Good topic includes an introduction, main body, and conclusion. In this article, we want to focus your attention on how to avoid errors in conclusion. Fortunately, there are plenty of nice places to find inspiration, and we will try to give you an example of the best conclusion to avoid any mistakes.
The purpose of the conclusion is to state the evaluation or analysis of the investigation results. It briefly states the implications of the results and suggests possible future research. This section should point back to your problem and purpose. What do your results mean in the context of your problem?
During writing papers, you include an introductory paragraph, the main body paragraphs, and the conclusive paragraph. The conclusion is used to wrap up your paper. Without the conclusion, your paper will seem unfinished, like a story without the “happily ever after.” A strong conclusion will bolster your paper’s purpose while giving readers a satisfying ending.
The conclusion is used to
- 1. Emphasize your thesis in a new way.
Synthesize your argument and major points.
3. Succinctly answer “So what?” or “Now what?”.
4. Provide a sense of closure.
1. Emphasizing the thesis: Revise and rephrase your thesis in a new way. That refreshes the reader’s memory about your main idea and allows you to show that you’ve proven or demonstrated your thesis over the course of your paper. Many writers choose to restate their thesis for the first sentence of their conclusive paragraph.
2. Synthesizing your argument: Synthesize, don’t summarize. You do not need to recap your entire paper. Instead, include a summary of the paper’s main points and show your reader the points you’ve made, and support the examples you’ve used to develop those points; fit all together.
3. Answering “So what?” or “Now what?” Why should readers care about your argument? What does your paper add to the discussion about your topic? Where should readers go from there? That is your opportunity to elaborate on the significance of your findings, suggest larger implications now, when you’ve presented your evidence, and propose a course of action or questions for future study.
4. Providing closure: You can provide closure and make a clever exit by leaving the reader with a strong closing statement. This can be tricky because, depending on the paper, this will be the only piece of personal input you have. In an informative essay, your closing statement will be your only personal input on the subject, what you feel about the subject by your main points. In an argumentative essay, it will be your input. You want to leave your reader thinking.
Type of errors in the conclusion
How to describe the error in the conclusion? There are many kinds of errors we can make during writing conclusion or another part of the paper. They are divided into two main categories:
1. Linguistic design.
2. Content (content violations).
From the linguistic point of view, they can be:
-Lexical (the main reason for lexical errors is the poor vocabulary of students, which leads to violations of lexical and phraseological norms).
– Stylistic (the reason for students’ stylistic mistakes is the lack of stylistic skills, the failure to recognize and appreciate the stylistic significance of linguistic means, and to relate them to speech).
– Grammatical (morphological and syntactic) errors, which are also the result of violations of linguistic norms.
The content of the ending tells how the student has mastered informativly-structural content and compositional skills, such as: to orient in the situation of communication, to understand the topic and the main idea of the statement, to obtain the necessary material, to select the main material for the disclosure of the plan (to separate the main and secondary), to determine in what sequence these logically completed parts are located, to think out the semantic connections between the parts of the text and the adjacent sentences, to highlight words important for expressing the opinions, and to use linguistic means in accordance with the communicative purpose. The most widespread errors in content are connected with:
– Plagiarism: You must not use the ideas or words of others without giving the exact source; doing that contradicts what the university stands for: an honest, serious intellectual effort and a fair, open discussion. Consequently, if you are found to have committed plagiarism, your paper will be rejected.
– Things that do not belong to your topic: from beginning to end, your paper must deal with the chosen topic. Our paper is only a few pages long, so you have no space to waste by writing about anything that has no direct connection to your chosen topic.
– Do not paraphrase/summarize the text(s) and mistakes. Rephrase what is obvious to any reader of the text.
– Make sure that there are logical connections between your sentences. You should not simply switch from one topic to another.
– Do not produce analyses/interpretations which are not connected to your topic. Do not formally analyze a conclusion for the sake of the analysis itself. If there is no direction in your analysis, it will not produce any results. Hope you know how to describe the error in the stated conclusion.
Our sample of error in the conclusion.
In fact, errors connected with content are more important to teacher/supervisor/reader, than linguistic mistakes(they don’t change the text). That’s why we want to show you an example of errors in conclusion, you can see below:
Thesis statement: There is a linear correlation between the number of cigarettes smoked and the pulse rate. As the number of cigarettes increases the pulse rate increases.
Conclusion: Cigarettes cause the pulse rate to increase.
A linear correlation analysis intends to resolve whether there is a relationship between two sets of variables. We may find that:
1) there is a positive correlation;
2) there is a negative correlation;
3) or there is no correlation.
We cannot deduce causation from correlation: correlation does not imply causation. The main problem with all correlations is that there are many models consistent with any correlation: the correlation between two variables may be caused by a third, fourth, or dozens of variables other than the two being compared. Therefore, we are left with numerous substitute models to the obvious ones. The error in the conclusion is referred to as attributing association, as causation. It means the mistaken assumption that because two events occur together, one causes the other. It may be true that cigarette consumption is positively correlated with an increase in pulse rate, but there is no evidence to show that cigarette consumption causes such increase.
We hope that this example will help you realize the importance of ending without errors. It should bring together all the proves of the argument, refer back to the essay topic and end on a well-reasoned, logical note. And the most important, it should be correct and conducted.