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Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s house is all about women’s rights. We can infer from the theme of the novel that the author Henrik Ibsen was a strong Feminist as he created characters that fought for the rights of women. The central character of A Doll’s house, Nora fought for the same cause. Nora attempts to become a strong individual even though she was being locked in a male dominated world. Her husband Torvald’s dominating nature was the one that was preventing her from become self motivated. Even though Nora is constructed as immature and silly, we can see that this nature is enforced by the society around her.
The feminist ideologies of Nora were revealed in the end of the novel. She was found subordinate to her husband Torvald who believed that women are frail and can never make decision of their own. However finally Nora gets hold of her individuality and dares to take the great decision to abandon her husband and children. Nora’s great passion for life and her strong feministic beliefs stimulated her to take the decision of her life. She courageously broke away from the doll house that appeared as a prison for her all through these days.
Nora was always under the care of someone, first with her father and then with her husband. Nora was a materialistic, impulsive and babyish. Nora was the upholder of women`s rights. She struggled against the selfish, stifling, oppressive and dominating attitude of her Husband Torvald and the society which he represents. Nora journey lead to her self-discovery as she fought against the exploitation of women by men. Torvald represents the orthodox society and Nora is the advocate of feminism. Torvald did not give any privilege to Nora and called her silly names throughout the play.
The feminist beliefs of Nora rise up at last and she comes to know that she has been a foolish doll in a toy-marriage and walks out of her house slamming the door behind her and surprising Torvald. Nora was just considered like any other possession of Torvald. She was not given any humane privilege. Torvald considered his wife, children and status symbols and had a very narrow definition about marriage. He thinks that it is the duty of the wife to be good to her husband and children. She deems women as helpless creatures separated from reality and moral force.
The author highlighted the self realization of the main character Nora and the way she becomes an example to feminist ideology. The novel thus becomes an extraordinary work in which a man portrays strong feminist ideologies. The attitude of Nora reveals the strong feminist views of the author. She can be called as a hero as a fought for a good cause, the freedom for the weaker sex. The position of women in the 1800’s, during the time of Nora was too low. They lived as housewives with no right to vote, own property, and make any significant transactions.
Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s house thus explain the conflict between the maternal and paternal line (feministic views) August Wilson’s The Piano Lesson also explains the conflict between the maternal and paternal line (feministic views). The main theme of The Piano Lesson is two siblings who fight for their wish to be done. Both of them represent two different attitudes toward the family legacy. The theme is also like those in the Doll’s house where the female and male interests fight for their interests.
The fight in The Piano Lesson is explicitly gendered as it is in the Doll’s house. The boy’s (Boy Willie) interest is articulated from the father side and the girl’s (Berniece) interest is taken from their mother’s side. In the matter of selling the piano the boy considers himself as father. The girl and the boy have different opinion concerning the selling of the piano. The boy wants to sell the piano to buy some land. The girl however wants to keep the piano. She is a representative of the maternal interests and is a shadow of the image of Mama Ola.
She is indeed a guardian of the past sufferings of the family. She does have a feministic face like Nora in Doll’s House. The maternal and paternal line conflict is clearly visible in this drama. The girl wants to keep the ancestral piano that contains the engraved faces of their ancestors who were sold in lieu of the piano. This ancestral and sentimental background of the piano made the girl fight for retaining it. The boy’s interest (paternal interest) was however against it. The Piano Lesson thus explains the conflict between the maternal and paternal line